The International Mountain Bicycling Association (IMBA) has created several guidelines that are used when locating and building new mountain bike trails. A GIS is can be used to generate possible locations for mountain bike trails while following guidelines given by the IMBA. These guidelines include maximum allowable slopes, avoiding fall lines, avoiding flat areas, and seeking areas that include control points such as viewpoints, water, or other attractions. One way to determine the most appropriate placement of a mountain bike trail is to create and run a model in ArcMap that has the necessary input parameters defined within the model. A virtual “cost” terrain can be created by combining several raster data sets. The best path, or “least cost” path through this terrain can be determined by running a least-cost analysis.
Wells, Brad and Wilcock, Jacob, "Laboratory Exercise - Temple-View Least- Cost Mountain Bike Trail" (2017). Engineering Applications of GIS - Laboratory Exercises. 2.