Survival of adult chukar-imprinted, game farm (sibling/human-imprinted), and wild chudkars was compared in three releases (two sites). Combined results indicate similar (P < .05) survival for adult-imprinted and wild chukars, but lower rates (P < .05) for game farm chukars. With early behavioral conditioning, some potential exists for using captive-reared chukars to establish new populations.
Slaugh, Bartel T.; Flinders, Jerran T.; Roberson, Jay A.; and Johnston, N. Paul
"Effect of rearing method on chukar survival,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 52
, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol52/iss1/3