Rearing young ungulates for ecological studies is costly and time consuming. Doe-rearing mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) fawns is a viable alternative to the common method of bottle-feeding. Fawns tamed while nurtured by their tractable dams showed no marked difference in tractability over bottle-reared orphans. The advantages of doe-rearing are better health for the young and convenience for the handler.
Olson-Rutz, Kathrin M.; Urness, Philip J.; and Urness, Laura A.
"Dam-raised fawns, an alternative to bottle feeding,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 46:
2, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol46/iss2/5