Two series of experiments were completed to determine (a) toxicity of waste water from power plants on warm water fish and (b) multiple use of waste heat and water for aquatic animal and plant production. All three types of waste water from a typical coal-fired power plant are acceptable for growing catfish and tilapia following aeration. This growth was compared with fish raised in spring water. Closed, recirculating polyculture systems using evaporation pond water operated efficiently for plant (duckweed) and animal (fish and freshwater prawns) production. Duckweed is an excellent supplement for fish feed. Tilapia and freshwater prawns grew rapidly in the tanks containing duckweed only.
Heckmann, Richard A.; Winget, Robert N.; Infanger, Rex C.; Mickelsen, Roger W.; and Hendersen, John M.
"Warm water aquaculture using waste heat and water from zero discharge power plants in the Great Basin,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 44
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol44/iss1/6