Six accounts of pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana) chasing or attacking coyotes (Canis latrans) are described: three chases by individual pronghorn does, two by herds of antelope, and one joint effort by a pronghorn doe and a Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus). Modifications of Berger's (1979) ungulate antipredatory defense model are proposed.
Reynolds, Timothy D.
"Pronghorn responses to hunting coyotes,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 43:
1, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol43/iss1/7