The utilization of the stinger and the predatory technique of the scorpion, Paruroctonus boreus, was studied under laboratory conditions. During the study, 83 feedings were observed. Age of the scorpions and the percentage of prey stung by them were used to classify the scorpions into groups. The scorpions aged 13–61 days always stung prey. After 62 days the scorpions began to selectively utilize the stinger. Utilization declined until it reached 30 percent in the adult stage. The stinger is apparently necessary for prey capture only in the early life stages.
Cushing, Bruce S. and Matherne, Anne
"Stinger utilization and predation in the scorpion Paruroctonus boreus,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 40
, Article 19.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol40/iss2/19