Local distribution patterns of three rodent species (Perognathus parvus, Peromyscus maniculatus, Reithrodontomys megalotis) were studied in areas of high and low densities of harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex owyheei) in Raft River Valley, Idaho. Numbers of rodents were greatest in areas of high ant-density during May, but partially reduced in August; whereas, the trend was reversed in areas of low ant-density. Seed abundance was probably not the factor limiting changes in rodent populations, because seed densities of annual plants were always greater in areas of high ant-density. Differences in seasonal population distributions of rodents between areas of high and low ant-densities were probably due to interactions of seed availability, rodent energetics, and predation.
Landeen, Dan S.; Jorgensen, Clive D.; and Smith, H. Duane
"Competition between harvester ants and rodents in the cold desert,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 39
, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol39/iss3/10