Download Full Text (644 KB)
expectations, short-term memory, positive and negative, Armenian alphabet
Studies suggest that expectations may have an effect on various cognitive functions, including memory. To this point, no studies have exclusively investigated the effect of expectations on short-term memory. This study tested the effect of positive and negative expectations on short-term memory, utilizing the Armenian alphabet as a test of memory. N=45 undergraduate students (23 men, 22 women), ranging in age from 18-26 years were divided equally into three groups: Group 1 was a control group, Group 2 was manipulated to have positive expectations before testing, and Group 3 was manipulated to have negative expectations before testing. All groups were given three minutes to study 18 Armenian letters and their English-letter counterparts. Participants were then given two minutes to write the correct English letter next to each Armenian equivalent. A single-factor ANOVA comparing averages between groups showed non-significant results (p= .15).
The Annual Mary Lou Fulton Mentored Research Conference showcases some of the best student research from the College of Family, Home, and Social Sciences. The mentored learning program encourages undergraduate students to participate in hands-on and practical research under the direction of a faculty member. Students create these posters as an aide in presenting the results of their research to the public, faculty, and their peers.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Wood, Micah and Hoyt, Madeline, "Expectations and Memory: Positive and Negative Expectations of Memorizing the Armenian Alphabet" (2017). FHSS Mentored Research Conference. 330.
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
Copyright Use Information