ethnic identity, mental health, well-being, meta-analysis
This meta-analysis summarized research examining the relationship between the constructs of ethnic identity and personal well-being among people of color in North America. Data from 184 studies analyzed using random effects models yielded an omnibus effect size of r = .17, suggesting a modest relationship between the two constructs. The relationship was somewhat stronger among adolescents and young adults than among adults over age 40. No differences were observed across participant race, gender, or socioeconomic status, which findings support the general relevance of ethnic identity across people of color. Studies correlating ethnic identity with self-esteem and positive well-being yielded average effect sizes twice as large as those from studies correlating ethnic identity with personal distress or mental health symptoms. Thus ethnic identity was more strongly related to positive well-being than to compromised well-being. Overall, the corpus of research located in this review consist
Original Publication Citation
Smith, T. B., & Sylva, L. (211). Ethnic identity and personal well-being of people of color: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 42-6. http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/cou/index.aspx
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Smith, Timothy B. and Silva, Lynda, "Ethnic Identity and Personal Well-being of People of Color: A Meta-Analysis" (2011). Faculty Publications. 88.
American Psychological Association
David O. McKay School of Education
Counseling Psychology and Special Education
© 2010 American Psychological Association, all rights reserved. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
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