Anima quae pars: A Tenth-Century Parsing Grammar


grammer, Middle Ages, Anima, Tenth-Century Grammer


The study of grammar was unquestionably of great importance in the literary culture of the early Middle Ages, but as Vivien Law has pointed out, our knowledge of tenth-century grammatical instruction remains spotty. With no small thanks to Law herself, we know at least the contours of the tradition from late Antiquity through the Carolingians - grammars increasingly were adapted for the teaching of Latin as a second language to Celtic and Germanic northern Europeans. The contours during the high Middle Ages and after are also well known - increasing emphasis on dialectic led to more speculative grammars. Our knowledge of tenth-century grammars and grammarians has been augmented by recent studies,3 but it still remains sketchy, not least because few grammars produced in this period have been edited and made available for study. The present article provides an edition of a previously unpublished tenth-century parsing grammar named for its opening words, Anima quae pars (referred to as Anima henceforth).

Original Publication Citation

“Anima quae Pars: A Tenth-Century Parsing Grammar.” Journal of Medieval Latin 12 (2002): 181-204.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date