Parental genetic contributions to neonatal temperament in a nonhuman primate (Macaca mulatta) model
heritability, maternity, paternity, temperament, triadic structure
Temperament is an individual’s nature and is widely believed to have a heritable foundation. Few studies, however, have evaluated paternal and maternal contributions to the triadic dimensions of temperament. Rhesus monkeys are widely utilized to model genetic contributions to human development due to their close genetic-relatedness and common temperament structure, providing a powerful translational model for investigating paternal and maternal genetic influences on temperament. The temperament of rhesus monkey infants born to 19 different sires and 50 different dams was assessed during the first month of life by comparing the temperament of paternal or maternal half-siblings reared with their mothers in species-normative conditions or reared in a neonatal nursery. Factor scores from three dimensions of temperament were obtained (Orienting/Regulation, Negative Affectivity, and Surgency/Extraversion) and ANOVAs were used to assess genetic effects. For paternal half-siblings, results showed a statistically significant paternal contribution to Orienting/Regulation, Negative Affectivity, and Surgency/Extraversion factor scores. For maternal half-siblings, results showed a statistically significant contribution to Orienting/Regulation factor scores. When parsed by early rearing condition, results showed a paternal contribution Orienting/Regulation, Negative Affectivity, and Surgency/Extraversion scores for paternal half-siblings reared in the neonatal nursery, while there was only a paternal contribution to Surgency/Extraversion for paternal half-siblings reared by their mothers. There was only a maternal contribution to Orienting/Regulation for maternal half-siblings reared by their mothers. These results show that paternal and maternal contributions to temperament vary by environmental context, and that mothers may environmentally buffer their infants from paternal contributions to their temperament.
Original Publication Citation
Dev Psychobiol. 2021 July ; 63(5): 997–1005. doi:10.1002/dev.22106.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Wood, Elizabeth K.; Hunter, Jacob N.; Olsen, Joseph A.; Almasay, Laura; Lindell, Stephen G.; Goldman, David; Barr, Christina S.; Suomi, Stephen J.; Kay, Daniel B.; and Higley, James Dee, "Parental genetic contributions to neonatal temperament in a nonhuman primate (Macaca mulatta) model" (2022). Faculty Publications. 6284.
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
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