Experiments in entrained flow reactors at combustion temperatures are performed to resolve the rank dependence of nitrogen release on an elemental basis for a suite of 15 U.S. coals ranging from lignite to low-volatile bituminous. Data were obtained as a function of particle conversion, with overall mass loss up to 99 % on a dry, ash-free basis. Nitrogen release rates are presented relative to both carbon loss and overall mass loss. During devolatilization, fractional nitrogen release from low-rank coals is much slower than fractional mass release and noticeably slower than fractional carbon release. As coal rank increases, fractional nitrogen release rate relative to that of carbon and mass increases, with fractional nitrogen release rates exceeding fractional mass and fractional carbon release rates during devolatilization for high-rank (low-volatile bituminous) coals. At the onset of combustion, nitrogen release rates increase significantly. For all coals investigated, fractional nitrogen loss rates relative to those of mass and carbon pass through a maximum during the earliest stages of oxidation. The mechanism for generating this maximum is postulated to involve nascent thermal rupture of nitrogen-containing compounds and possible preferential oxidation of nitrogen sites. During later stages of oxidation, the fractional loss rate of nitrogen approaches that of carbon for all coals. Changes in the relative release rates of nitrogen compared to those of both overall mass and carbon during all stages of combustion are attributed to a combination of the chemical structure of coals, temperature histories during combustion, and char chemistry.
Original Publication Citation
Baxter, L. L., R. E. Mitchell, T. H. Fletcher, and R. H. Hurt, "Nitrogen Release during Coal Combustion," Energy and Fuels, 10, 188-196 (1996). DOI: 10.1021/ef9500797
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Fletcher, Thomas H.; Baxter, Larry L.; Mitchell, Reginald E.; and Hurt, Robert H., "Nitrogen Release during Coal Combustion" (1996). Faculty Publications. 6160.
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology
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