toxocariasis, infection, Toxocara Seroprevalence, risk factore, United States
Caused by the parasitic nematodes Toxocara canis and cati, toxocariasis in humans can result in covert toxocariasis, ocular toxocariasis, visceral larval migrans, and neurotoxocariasis. A common infection, toxocariasis exposure varies widely within and between countries, with a previous estimate of Toxocara seroprevalence using data from 1988 to 1994 in the United States of approximately 13%. Age, poverty, sex, educational attainment, ethnicity, and region have been associated with Toxocara seroprevalence. In this study, we sought to determine the seroprevalence of and factors associated with Toxocara seropositivity in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011 to 2014 to provide a more recent estimate of Toxocara seroprevalence in the United States. We found an overall Toxocara seroprevalence of 5.1%. Increasing age, male sex, low educational attainment, low income, and immigration status each was associated with Toxocara seropositivity. Mexican Americans had reduced odds of exposure. These findings show that exposure to Toxocara continues in the United States and that several demographic factors influence the risk of exposure.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Brown, Bruce L.; Berrett, Andrew N.; Erickson, Lance D.; Gale, Shawn D.; Stone, Allison; and Hedges, Dawson W., "Toxocara Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors in the United States" (2017). Faculty Publications. 5992.
y The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Family, Home, and Social Sciences