The Transaction between Parents’ Perceptions of their Children’s Shyness and their Parenting Styles
parenting, children, social wariness/inhibition, socialization
In recent years, researchers have examined factors that “determine” parenting beliefs, styles, and behaviours. One potential determinant of parenting is the child him/herself. Child characteristics, such as temperament, have been cited as evocative influences on parenting beliefs and behaviours. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal relations between children’s social wariness/inhibition and parents’ beliefs about how to best socialise their children. Questionnaire data on child temperament and parenting practices were collected from the parents (mothers and fathers) of sixty 2-year-olds; identical data were collected 2 years later. Observations of inhibited behaviour were taken at two years. Results indicated that few differences existed between mothers’ and fathers’ expressed parenting styles at ages 2 and 4 years. Second, parental perceptions of child shyness at age 2 were: (a) stable to age 4; and (b) predicted a lack of encouragement of independence at age 4. Third, parents’ expressed lack of encouragement of independence, although stable from 2 to 4 years, failed to predict child shyness at age 4. The findings support the conjecture that young children’s dispositional characteristics predict subsequent maternal and paternal behaviour.
Original Publication Citation
Rubin, K. H., Nelson, L. J., Hastings, P., & Asendorpf, J. (1999). The transaction between parents’ perceptions of their children’s shyness and their parenting styles. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23, 937-957.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Rubin, Kenneth H.; Nelson, Larry J.; Hastings, Paul; and Asendorpf, Jens, "The Transaction between Parents’ Perceptions of their Children’s Shyness and their Parenting Styles" (1999). Faculty Publications. 4667.
International Journal of Behavioral Development
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
© 1999 The International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development
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