Extracurricular Activities, Athletic Participation, and Adolescent Alcohol Use: Gender-Differentiated and School-Contextual Effects
extracurricular activities, alcohol use, gender, adolescence
This research investigates the effects of extracurricular activities on alcohol use among male (n = 4,495) and female (n = 5,398) adolescents who participated in the 1990–92 National Education Longitudinal Study. Previous studies have assessed the association between extracurricular activities and alcohol use, but none have explored whether the association depends on the school context. Using a multilevel model, I examine whether school-level factors affect the rela- tionship between involvement in athletic or nonathletic activities and changes in adolescent alcohol use from 1990 to 1992. The results indicate that the neg- ative association between nonathletic activities and alcohol use is stronger among males in low-minority-population schools. Moreover, the positive asso- ciation between athletic involvement and alcohol use is stronger among females in lower-socioeconomic-status schools and males in higher-socioeconomic-sta- tus schools. I propose that these results reflect variation in high school cultures and in the resources available to schools.
Original Publication Citation
Hoffmann, John P. 2006. “Extracurricular Activities, Athletic Participation, and Adolescent Alcohol Use: Gender-Differentiated and School-Contextual Effects.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 47(3): 175-190.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hoffmann, John P., "Extracurricular Activities, Athletic Participation, and Adolescent Alcohol Use: Gender-Differentiated and School-Contextual Effects" (2006). Faculty Publications. 3917.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
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