Gender, Religious Tradition and Biblical Literalism
biblical literalism, religion, structuration theory, gender theory, patriarchy
Several studies examine biblical literalism to categorize Christian denominations and predict attitudes and behaviors. Yet, few studies have identified the predictors of literalist orientations. In this study, we use structuration theory and gender theory to develop hypotheses concerning gender differences in literalist ideologies based on the degree of organizational patriarchy among religious traditions. Analyses using two national data sets demonstrate that women are relatively more inclined than men to embrace a literalist ideology in patriarchal religious organizations than in mainline organizations. We argue that a literalist ideology provides a compensatory schema to conservative Protestant women, who are generally denied access to organizational resources, especially positions of leadership and authority, in such organizations. We conclude by identifying the implications of our findings for research on gender, religion and patriarchal organizations.
Original Publication Citation
Hoffmann, John P., and John P. Bartkowski. 2008. “Gender, Religious Tradition, and Biblical Literalism.” Social Forces 86(3): 1245-1272.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hoffmann, John P. and Bartkowski, John P., "Gender, Religious Tradition and Biblical Literalism" (2008). Faculty Publications. 3911.
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
The University of North Carolina Press
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