Picking Teams: Motivational Effects of Team Selection Strategies in Physical Education


sports in high school, coaching, goal oriented, group sports


The Tacitly sanctioned practice of publicly picking teams in physical education has been categorized as instruction ally inappropriate, yet its practice persists. Therefore, the purpose of this two-study article was to examine its effects on achievement goals orientations and motivational profiles of male junior high school physical educations students (n=233)/ Students were assigned to one of two conditions ( publicly picked teams or confidential draft) in four sports and across four trials. Unexpectedly, findings revealed no significant differences between groups across sports or within trials in goals orientation or self-determined motivation. however, follow-up interviews revealed in sights into a selection motives, differentiation in conceptions of abilities, and a sense of empathy for peers vulnerable to the practice. Despite non significant findings in survey results, the qualitative data revealed nuances associated with this practice that have allowed us to make specific recommendations against the continued use of this practice.

Original Publication Citation

Barney, D., Prusak, K., Beddos, Z.*, & Eggett, D. (2016). Picking teams: Motivational effects of team selection strategies in physical education. The Physical Educator, 73, (2), 230-254.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport




David O. McKay School of Education


Educational Inquiry, Measurement, and Evaluation

University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor