Depression Among People Who Inject Drugs and Their Intimate Partners in Kazakhstan
Depression, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Injection drug use
This paper examines individual, social, and structural factors associated with depression among 728 people who inject drugs (PWID) and their intimate partners in Kazakhstan, with separate multivariate models by gender. Depression scores were higher on average among participants of both genders who recently experienced sexual intimate partner violence, food insecurity, and who had lower levels of self-rated health. Among females, higher depression scores were associated with experiencing childhood sexual abuse, lower levels of social support, and not having children. Findings highlight a need to incorporate gender differences and factors associated with depression in designing mental health services for PWID in Kazakhstan.
Original Publication Citation
Shaw, S.A., El-Bassel, N., Gilbert, L., Terlikbayeva, A., Hunt, T., Primbetova, S., Chang, M. (2016). Depression among people who inject drugs and their intimate partners in Kazakhstan. Community Mental Health Journal, 52(8), 1047-1056.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Shaw, Stacey; El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Terlikbayeva, Assel; Hunt, Tim; Primbetova, Sholpan; Rozental, Yelena; and Chang, Mingway, "Depression Among People Who Inject Drugs and Their Intimate Partners in Kazakhstan" (2016). All Faculty Publications. 2908.
Community Mental Health Journal
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015