Peer acceptance in early childhood and subtypes of socially withdrawn behaviour in China, Russia, and the United States


peer acceptance, childhood


To assess whether sub-types of withdrawal could be similarly identified and linked to peer group adjustment in mainland China. Russia, and the United States. 642 4 to 6 year-old children in these diverse cultural contexts were rated on items reflecting reticent, solitary-passive, solitary-active, and sociable behavior (cf. Copland and Rubin, 1998). Linkages of childhood withdrawal to peer group adjustment were also investigated using peer sociometric ratings. findings, based on multi-sample confirmatory factor analysis, indicted that separate factors were required to represent the three discrimination between sub-types, reticent behavior was uniquely related to lower sociometric ratings in all three cultures. Sociability was associated with higher sociometric ratings in these diverse settings. Findings are interpreted in the light of cultural considerations.

Original Publication Citation

Hart, C.H., *Yang, C., *Nelson, L. J., Robinson, C. C., Olsen, J. A., *Nelson, D. A., Porter, C. L., Jin, S., & Olsen, S. F., & *Wu, P. (2000). Peer acceptance in early childhood and subtypes of socially withdrawn behavior in China, Russia, and the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24, 73-81.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



International Journal of Behavioral Development




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor