It's About Time! Examining Received Dosage and Program Duration as Predictors of Change Among Non‐Distressed and Distressed Married Couple and Relationship Education Participants


married couples therapy, medicine with therapy, relationship education participants


Although Couple and Relationship Education (CRE) programs were intended to be preventive in nature, an emerging reality is that relationally distressed couples are attending programs. This has raised questions about both its general usefulness and what is known regarding predictors of change in CRE for distressed couples particularly. Previous work has identified dosage and duration as important moderators of changes, and there are myriad program contexts offered, highlighting the need to examine these among distressed couples. This study utilized a sample of community CRE participants and examined received dosage and program duration as predictors of change. Comparing results for distressed and non‐distressed participants, we found several group differences. Findings suggest that it is important to consider distress level and time spent in programs when placing participants. In addition, research should continue to examine these groups separately (or comparatively) to find out what works for whom.

Original Publication Citation

Bradford, A.B., Drean, L.*, Adler-Baeder, F., Ketring, S.A., & Smith, T.A. (2017). It’s about time! Examining received dosage and program duration as predictors of change among non-distressed and distressed married Couple and Relationship Education participants. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 43, 391-409. DOI: 10.1111/jmft.12209

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Journal of Marital and Family Therapy




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Assistant Professor