A cross‐cultural test of the work‐family interface in 48 countries
cross‐cultural, job flexibility, job satisfaction, work and family, work‐family conflict, work‐family fit
This study tests a cross‐cultural model of the work‐family interface. Using multigroup structural equation modeling with IBM survey responses from 48 countries (N= 25,380), results show that the same work‐family interface model that fits the data globally also fits the data in a four‐group model composed of culturally related groups of countries, as well as a two‐group gender model. This supports a transportable rather than a culturally specific or gender‐specific work‐family interface model: notably, job flexibility related to reduced work‐family conflict, reduced family‐work conflict, and enhanced work‐family fit. Work‐family fit related to increased job satisfaction. Findings suggest that investment by multinational companies in job flexibility initiatives may represent a dual‐agenda way to benefit men, women, and businesses in diverse cultures.
Original Publication Citation
Hill, E. J., Yang, C., Hawkins, A. J., & Ferris, M. (2004). A cross-cultural test of the work-family interface in one corporation in 48 countries. Journal of Marriage and Family. 66, 1300-1316. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00094.x
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hill, E. Jeffrey; Yang, Chonming; Hawkins, Alan J.; and Ferris, Maria, "A cross‐cultural test of the work‐family interface in 48 countries" (2004). Faculty Publications. 2276.
Journal of Marriage and Family
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
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