Title

A cross‐cultural test of the work‐family interface in 48 countries

Keywords

cross‐cultural, job flexibility, job satisfaction, work and family, work‐family conflict, work‐family fit

Abstract

This study tests a cross‐cultural model of the work‐family interface. Using multigroup structural equation modeling with IBM survey responses from 48 countries (N= 25,380), results show that the same work‐family interface model that fits the data globally also fits the data in a four‐group model composed of culturally related groups of countries, as well as a two‐group gender model. This supports a transportable rather than a culturally specific or gender‐specific work‐family interface model: notably, job flexibility related to reduced work‐family conflict, reduced family‐work conflict, and enhanced work‐family fit. Work‐family fit related to increased job satisfaction. Findings suggest that investment by multinational companies in job flexibility initiatives may represent a dual‐agenda way to benefit men, women, and businesses in diverse cultures.

Original Publication Citation

Hill, E. J., Yang, C., Hawkins, A. J., & Ferris, M. (2004). A cross-cultural test of the work-family interface in one corporation in 48 countries. Journal of Marriage and Family. 66, 1300-1316. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00094.x

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2004-11-09

Publisher

Journal of Marriage and Family

Language

English

College

Family, Home, and Social Sciences

Department

Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor

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