instructional design, efficiency, instructional technology, statistics education, templates, rapid design


This study was an exploratory study in improving efficiency in university courses by using low-cost methods of design and development that can be easily managed by university faculty. To explore this issue, we developed a lesson for the Statistics department at Brigham Young University using low-threshold applications (uses of technology that are low-cost and easy to learn) and software templates. We evaluated the lesson as a possible method to decrease the number of hours instructors were required to spend teaching in class. We discovered that students responded positively to the lesson, and that the methods of lesson design and development did provide advantages to the faculty of the Statistics department. Students reported that they learned from the lesson, liked the lesson, and felt comfortable using the lesson. Students who were most likely to react positively to the lesson were those who had experience with similar instructional models, those who used advanced features of the lesson, and those who used practice problems provided with the lesson. The advantages of using low-threshold applications and software templates included a decrease in development and maintenance costs, as well as a method to quickly analyze possible design alternatives.

Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date


Permanent URL




David O. McKay School of Education


Instructional Psychology and Technology

University Standing at Time of Publication

Graduate Student