fan-out/fan-in interconnections, folume holographic, interconnection fidelity, optical throughput


The feasibility of employing volume holographic techniques for the implementation of highly multiplexed weighted fan-out/fan-in interconnections is analyzed on the basis of interconnection fidelity, optical throughput, and complexity of recording schedule or implementation hardware. These feasibility criteria were quantitatively evaluated using the optical beam propagation method to numerically simulate the diffraction characteristics of volume holographic interconnections recorded in a linear holographic material. We find that conventional interconnection architectures (that are based on a single coherent optical source) exhibit a direct trade-off between interconnection fidelity and optical throughput on the one hand, and recording schedule or hardware complexity on the other. In order to circumvent this trade-off we describe and analyze in detail an incoherent/coherent double angularly multiplexed interconnection architecture that is based on the use of multiple-source array of individually coherent but mutually incoherent sources. This architecture either minimizes or avoids several key sources of cross talk, permits simultaneous recording of interconnection weights or weight updates, and provides enhanced fidelity, interchannel isolation, and throughput performance.

Original Publication Citation

P. Asthana, G. P. Nordin, A. R. Tanguay, Jr., and B. Keith Jenkins, "Analysis of Weighted Fan-out/Fan-in Volume Holographic Interconnections," Applied Optics Special Issue on Neural Networks 32(8), pp. 1441-1469 (1993)

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Optical Society of America




Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology


Electrical and Computer Engineering