The Casas Grandes region of northern Mexico is an understudied, though important, part of the culture area that has come to be known as the Northwest/Southwest (NW/SW). What studies have been conducted in the Casas Grandes region have focused on the Medio Period (approximately 1200-1450 AD) and the large site of Paquimé. Only a small amount of research has been conducted on the preceding Viejo Period (approximately 700-1200 AD). In this thesis, I create a clearing house of published Viejo Period architectural features excavated in the Casas Grandes region. I also analyze those features to develop our understanding of the materials and technological choices used to construct these features, and to evaluate the validity of sub-regional zones which have begun to develop within the archaeological literature from this area. These analyses include a qualitative analysis of the excavated architectural features as well as statistical clustering methods, a Principal Components Analysis, and a Correspondence Analysis of available architectural data. I ultimately propose revisions to the existing architectural typology for the Viejo Period and the abandonment of the concept of sub-regional zones within the Casas Grandes region. I also observe some emerging patterns within the architectural data and suggest that further research is needed to fully understand the distribution of architectural features throughout the region.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Anthropology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Jensen, Samuel J., "Viejo Period Architecture in the Casas Grandes Region of Northern Mexico" (2023). Theses and Dissertations. 9901.
casas grandes, viejo period, architecture, chihuahua, nw/sw, northern mexico, cluster analysis, principal components analysis, correspondence analysis, pithouses