This thesis focuses on the development and extension of nonlinear evolutionary model predictive control (NEMPC), a control algorithm previously developed by Phil Hyatt of the BYU RaD Lab. While this controller and its variants are applicable to any high degree-of-freedom (DoF) robotic system, particular emphasis is given in this thesis to control of a soft robot continuum joint. First, speed improvements are presented for NEMPC. Second, a Python package is presented as a companion to NEMPC, as a method of establishing a common interface for dynamic simulators and approximating each system by a deep neural network (DNN). Third, a method of training a DNN approximation of a hardware system that is generalize-able to more complex hardware systems is presented. This method is shown to reduce median tracking error on a soft robot hardware platform by 88%. Finally, particle swarm model predictive control (PSOMPC), a variant of NEMPC, is presented and modified to model and account for uncertainty in a dynamic system. Control performance of NEMPC and PSOMPC are presented for a set of control trials on simulated systems with uncertainty in parameters, states, and inputs, as well as on a soft robot hardware platform. PSOMPC is shown to have an increased robustness to system uncertainty, reducing expected collisions by 71% for a three-link robot arm with parameter uncertainty, input disturbances, and state measurement error.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Quackenbush, Tyler James, "Constrained Nonlinear Heuristic-Based MPC for Control of Robotic Systems with Uncertainty" (2021). Theses and Dissertations. 9288.
soft robot, uncertainty, control, model predictive control, heuristic algorithm