This study focuses on how applying MCII, a wish-fulfillment and goal-setting method researched by Gabriele Oettingen, benefits the quantity and quality of English language learners' (ELLs) social networks while participating in a study abroad program in the United States. This is done by instructing participants in the use of MCII, giving them weekly reminders on that instruction and the goals they set, and by measuring change from beginning to end. Analyzing the social networks of 36 English language learners at an intensive English program (IEP) after 14 weeks of instruction shows that the ELLs displayed growth in the number of ways they met new people and in the depth of their relationships. This study also shows although learners who used MCII largely perceived it positively and noted using it in their lives, there was no significant difference between that group and those who did not use MCII in terms of proficiency development.
College and Department
Linguistics and English Language
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Pinkston, Adam T., "An Exploration of Mental Contrasting and Social Networks of English Language Learners" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 9155.
intensive English program, mental contrasting, social network, study abroad, WOOP