The Personality Inventory DSM-5 (PID-5) was created to measure personality pathology and help in the development of a dimensional conceptualization of personality disorders (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012). It measures five maladaptive personality traits: Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition and Psychoticism. The PID-5 has also garnered significant support for its hierarchical structure, five-factor structure across samples and translations, and its ability to predict variance in internalizing and externalizing disorders (Krueger & Markon, 2014). The current study builds on this literature by translating the PID-5 into Spanish spoken in Latin America and testing the replicability of the five-factor structure, reliability, and validity of the PID-5-Sp facets in a Hispanic sample. Using Mechanical Turk, 305 participants completed the PID-5-Spanish, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD7), Aggression Questionnaire-Revised (AQ-R) and the Big Five Inventory (BFI). EFA suggested a three-factor structure that resulted in two small factors that were conceptually similar to Antagonism and Detachment and one large global general distress factor. CFA results indicated that a five-factor solution had a poor fit for the current sample. Reliability was acceptable for most facets (α = .60-.95, M= .85). In general, PID-5-Sp domains showed moderate to strong correlations with theoretically congruent normative traits, with exception of Psychoticism, which was not significantly correlated with Openness to Experience (r = -.08, p = > .05). As expected, Detachment and Negative Affect predicted GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores. Aggression scores were predicted by Negative Affect, Antagonism and Disinhibition. Overall, the PID-5-Sp partially replicated previous validity and reliability findings. However, future research is needed to further test the five-factor structure and its replicability in non-Western samples.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Psychology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Carmona, Jessica Abigail, "Personality Inventory DSM-5: A Spanish Translation for Hispanics in the United States" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 8567.
PID-5, Spanish, Hispanics, Five-Factor Model, personality assessment