This work presents the development of 3D printed microfluidic devices and their application to microchip analysis. Initial work was focused on the development of the printer resin as well as the development of the general rules for resolution that can be achieved with stereolithographic 3D printing. The next stage of this work involved the characterization of the printer with a variety of interior and exterior resolution features. I found that the minimum positive and negative feature sizes were about 20 μm in either case. Additionally, micropillar arrays were printed with pillar diameters as small as 16 μm. To demonstrate one possible application of these small resolution features I created microfluidic bead traps capable of capturing 25 μm polystyrene particles as a step toward capturing cells. A second application which I pioneered was the creation of devices for microchip electrophoresis. I separated 3 preterm birth biomarkers with good resolution (2.1) and efficiency (3600 plates), comparable to what has been achieved in conventionally fabricated devices. Lastly, I have applied some of the unique capabilities of our 3D printer to a variety of other device applications through collaborative projects. I have created microchips with a natural masking monolith polymerization window, spiral electrodes for capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection, and a removable electrode insert chip. This work demonstrates the ability to 3D print microfluidic structures and their application to a variety of analyses.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Beauchamp, Michael J., "3D Printed Microfluidic Devices for Bioanalysis" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 8566.
Microfluidics, 3D printing, pre-term birth, lab on a chip, microchip electrophoresis