Combination corticosteroid inhalers are the primary treatment option for long-term pulmonary disorders including asthma, persistent bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Common side effects of these medications are xerostomia in the mouth and throat, hoarseness, and soreness in the oropharynx. Research indicates that a large percentage of the inhaler particles are deposited onto laryngeal tissue, leaving an alteration of laryngeal mucosal properties. As the first stage in a long-term project, this thesis addresses the need for baseline phonatory data that will lay groundwork for quantifying inhaler-induced phonatory changes. Excised larynx research is a powerful tool for assessing aerodynamic alterations that accompany laryngeal pathology. Porcine (pig) larynges are a traditional species employed in voice disorder research, though leporine (rabbit) larynges are an emerging species that lends itself to histologic vocal fold studies as they have the most similar vocal fold cover structure to humans compared to any other animal to date. The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement stability of six aerodynamic parameters in a traditional excised larynx benchtop model. Specifically, the current author assessed measurement stability of leporine larynges compared to porcine larynges with the following aerodynamic metrics: phonation onset pressure (PTP; cmH2O), phonation onset flow (PTF; L/m), sustained pressure (cmH2O), sustained flow (L/m), onset laryngeal resistance (cmH2O/L/m), and sustained laryngeal resistance (cmH2O/L/m). A total of 30 larynges—15 leporine and 15 porcine—were mounted on a benchtop setup; phonation was sampled over 15 trials for each larynx. Measurement stability for the above six tokens was examined using coefficient of variation (%) analyses. Leporine larynges demonstrated significantly less variation across all six aerodynamic parameters when compared to porcine larynges. The leporine PTP values were most stable as compared to leporine and porcine pressure and airflow values. Leporine airflow values were also more stable than porcine PTP and PTF values. These results indicate that leporine larynges might be a preferred excised larynx specimen for certain benchtop phonation studies. These findings are important for establishing expected measurement variability in porcine and leporine larynges, particularly when translating benchtop research to laryngeal pathology.



College and Department

Communication Disorders



Date Submitted


Document Type





phonation pressure, phonation flow, laryngeal resistance, leporine, porcine, benchtop model, excised larynx