Title

Solid-liquid phase equilibria studies :|bI. Several charge transfer systems ; II. A metallic system ; III. A liquid crystal

Abstract

Solid-liquid phase equilibria studies were used to investigate possible compound formation in solutions of (i) N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and (ii) N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) with a series of halogenated hydrocarbons that were selected to give a wide range of acceptor properties. Solid 1:1 intermolecular compounds were identified from solutions of (i) DMF and (ii) DMA with CCl_4, CBrCl_3, and C_6H_5CCl_3. The intermolecular compounds (DMF)_2•CCl_4 and (DMF)_2•CBrCl_3 were also found. The results suggest charge transfer from DMF or DMA to the chlorine atoms of the acceptor molecule as the process for compound formation. Thermal methods were used to determine with high precision the solid-liquid phase equilibria diagram for the sodium-cesium system. Results differ greatly from those of earlier workers, especially near the eutectic composition where differences in melting points as large as 35°K occur. Although not conclusive, results support the proposal that the peritectic halt results from the formation of an Na_2Cs intermetallic compound by a very sluggish reaction. Thermal methods were also used to determine the mesophase transition temperatures for cholesteryl formate.

Degree

PhD

College and Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

1971-05-01

Document Type

Dissertation

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/Letd627

Keywords

Solids, Liquids, Phase rule and equilibrium

Language

English

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