This meta analysis looks at the results of performance anxiety related interventions with musicians. This meta analysis results from all found studies on computerized databases including National Library of Medicine's PubMed, dissertations and Theses (ProQuest), PsycINFO, and Oxford Journals Database. They range from cognitive interventions, behavioral interventions, mediation, and biofeedback. The results are primarily drawn from participant<'>s self report before and after the intervention. They were coded for length of intervention, number of participants, level of participant (students or professionals), type of intervention, self report measures used, and the effect size of the intervention. The overall effect of all 17 studies involved in the meta analysis was (Hedge<'>s g -0.627, 95% CI [-0.926, -0.384], p<.000). The interventions were significantly different, with largest effect sizes in combination interventions (Hedges g = -0.813, 95% CI [-1.171, -.456], p>.000), followed by physiological interventions with an effect of (Hedges g = -0.638, [-1.111, -.164], p=.008), and purely cognitive interventions having the smallest effect size (Hedges g = -0.455, 95% CI [-0.757, -.153], p=.003).
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Psychology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Austin, Tara Ashley, "Stress and Anxiety Interventions for Classical Musicians" (2018). Theses and Dissertations. 7248.
meta analysis, musicians, anxiety