Remote sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have the potential to dramatically improve infrastructure health monitoring in terms of accuracy of the information and frequency of data collection. UAV automation has made significant progress but that automation is also creating vast amounts of data that needs to be processed into actionable information. A key aspect of this work is the optimization (not just automation) of data collection from UAVs for targeted planning of mission objectives. This work investigates the use of camera planning for Structure from Motion for 3D modeling of infrastructure. Included in this thesis is a novel multi-scale view-planning algorithm for autonomous targeted inspection. The method presented reduced the number of photos needed and therefore reduced the processing time while maintaining desired accuracies across the test site. A second focus in this work investigates various set covering problem algorithms to use for selecting the optimal camera set. The trade-offs between solve time and quality of results are explored. The Carousel Greedy algorithm is found to be the best method for solving the problem due to its relatively fast solve speeds and the high quality of the solutions found. Finally, physical flight tests are used to demonstrate the quality of the method for determining coverage. Each of the set covering problem algorithms are used to create a camera set that achieves 95% coverage. The models from the different camera sets are comparable despite having a large amount of variability in the camera sets chosen. While this study focuses on multi-scale view planning for optical sensors, the methods could be extended to other remote sensors, such as aerial LiDAR.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Chemical Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Okeson, Trent James, "Camera View Planning for Structure from Motion: Achieving Targeted Inspection Through More Intelligent View Planning Methods" (2018). Theses and Dissertations. 7060.
Combinatorial Optimization, Camera Planning, Set Covering Problem, Structure-from-Motion, Multi-scale Modeling