Based on the assumption that returns in Commercial Real Estate are normally distributed, the Sharpe Ratio has been the standard risk-adjusted performance measure for the past several years. Research has questioned whether this assumption can be reasonably made. The Upside Potential Ratio as a risk-adjusted performance measure is an alternative to measure performance on a risk-adjusted basis but its values differ from the Sharpe Ratio's only in the assumption of skewed returns. We will provide reasonable evidence that CRE returns should not be fitted with a normal distribution and present the Gaussian Mixture Model as our choice of distribution to fit skewness. We will then use a GMM distribution to measure performance of CRE domestic markets via UPR. Additional insights will be presented by introducing an alternative risk-adjusted perfomance measure that we will call D-ratio. We will show how the UPR and the D-ratio can provide a tool-box that can be added to any existing investment strategy when identifying markets' past performance and timing of entrance. The intent of this thesis is not to provide a comprehensive framework for CRE investment decisions but to introduce statistical and mathematical tools that can serve any portfolio manager in augmenting any investment strategy already in place.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Mathematics
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
DApuzzo, Daniele, "It Is Better to Be Upside Than Sharpe!" (2017). All Theses and Dissertations. 6705.
Sharpe Ratio, Real Estate, Upside Potential Ratio, Gaussian Mixture Models, D-ratio