Archaeobotanical evidences for the presence of wild plants at Fremont archaeological sites are numerous. However, little can be positively argued for why those plants are present, if they were used by site inhabitants, and how they were used. Additionally, there are likely several wild plants that were used but that do not appear in the archaeobotanical record as pollen or macrobotanicals, the two most commonly identified plant remains. I argue that it is possible to provide better interpretations for how and why the Fremont used plants by researching how their historic counterparts, the Goshute, Shoshone, Ute, and Southern Paiute, used the same plants that are identified at prehistoric sites. I further argue that a phytolith typology for Fremont archaeology can provide more insight into prehistoric plant use. I demonstrate its utility through a phytolith analysis of ground stone tools from Wolf Village, a Fremont site in Utah County.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Anthropology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Pearce, Madison Natasha, "Laying the Foundation for a Fremont Phytolith Typology Using Select Plant Species Native to Utah County" (2017). Theses and Dissertations. 6648.
ethnobotany, Fremont, phytoliths, Utah County, Goshute, Shoshone, Ute, Paiute, Wolf Village, ground stone tools.