Low-head dams are capable of creating dangerous counter-currents just downstream from the structure. These dangerous counter-currents are known as submerged hydraulic jumps and are responsible for hundreds of fatalities at numerous low-head dams across the United States. The counter-current creates high upstream-directed surface velocities across the width of the channel, making it nearly impossible for an individual to escape. This submerged jump can occur during a range of upstream and downstream conditions. Effective, safe and low-cost remediation options must be explored in order to prevent further fatalities at these structures. This document explores such a remediation option: the Multiple Staggered Deflector Design. This remediation option will disrupt uniform upstream-directed surface velocities across the channel within a submerged jump for nearly all downstream conditions that create a submerged jump for a range of upstream conditions. The dam modification is designed such that an individual will escape the submerged jump without severe injury or harm, while being relatively inexpensive and simple to install.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Civil and Environmental Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
McGhin, Ronald Francis, "Submerged Jump Remediation at Low-Head Dams: The Multiple Staggered Deflector Design" (2016). Theses and Dissertations. 6110.
low-head dam, remediation, submerged jump, deflectors