This study directly tests the relationship between income inequality and student mathematics achievement. Furthermore, I examine the degree to which the relationship between income inequality and student achievement is moderated by student SES. To test these relationships, I created a database of national wealth measures and linked it with student achievement data from the 2009 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The results of multilevel models indicated that income inequality is negatively related to student achievement scores. Additionally, this relationship is not moderated by student SES, indicating that the relationship between income inequality and student achievement is the same for both low- and high-SES students. The results of this study suggest that nations seeking to improve student achievement can do so by decreasing income inequality.
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Sociology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Edmunds, Christina Ruth, "Who Benefits from Income Inequality? An International Examinationof the Relationship Between Income Inequalityand Student Achievement" (2015). All Theses and Dissertations. 5468.
income inequality, student achievement, socio-economic status, international, education, PISA