We have completed mechanism of action studies on a new class of anticancer nucleosides typified by a novel nucleoside discovered in our lab, MAP-870. In order to study the mechanism of MAP-870, several experiments were completed on a colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line, HT-29, including trypan blue cell count, sulforhodamine B assays, flow cytometry of cell cycle, propidium iodide incorporation, and phosphatidylserine externalization, Caspase-Glo3/7 assays, DNA fragmentation gel, cyclophilin A release gel, PAMPA, and confocal imaging. Sulforhodamine B assays show that MAP-870 does indeed cause growth inhibition and cell death in the model tested. PAMPA assays show that MAP-870 does not appear to enter the cell via passive diffusion. Flow cytometry showed that MAP-870 doe not appear to cause cell cycle arrest or externalization of phosphatidylserine. Caspase-Glo3/7 assays demonstrated that MAP-870 does not appear to cause caspase activation. From confocal microscopy, it appears preliminarily that MAP-870 is taken up by cells, often through pseudopodia. The mechanism of MAP-870 on cancer cells must be further studied to elucidate its mechanism of action. However, preliminarily our data could point to TGFβ as a potential target pathway involving a unique, heretofore never described, cell death mechanism.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Browning, Megan E., "Mechanism of Action Studies on a New Class of Anticancer Nucleosides" (2012). All Theses and Dissertations. 3808.
anticancer nucleosides, silicon