HspB2 is a small heat shock protein encoded on human chromosome 11. Less than 1000 base pairs away from HSPB2 and situated in a head-to-head orientation lies the gene encoding another small heat shock protein, CRYAB. Because they are uncommonly close to one another they share regulatory elements. In addition, they share protein homology as sHSPs, suggesting that they perhaps perform aimilar functions. SHSPs such as HspB2 and CryAB are traditionally thought to provide protective effects to cells in response to a variety of stress inducers. In response to stress they form complexes around misfolded proteins or proteins in danger of denaturation. HspB2 has been shown to exhibit protective effects during cellular stress and to localize to the Z-line of skeletal muscle. It has also been implicated in cardiac energetics, specifically in the production of ATP, however little is known about its molecular targets. Here I report the use of yeast two-hybrid screening to uncover the molecular targets of HspB2. I also detail the process by which the screens are performed as well as the verification steps, including co-precipitation experiments in mammalian cells. Through these studies we identify many novelbinding partners of HspB2, including CryAB as well as multiple muscle and mitochondrial proteins. Proteins discovered to bind to HspB2 include such proteins as actin and myosin, enzymes catalyzing various steps of glycolysis and the electron transport chain, as well as redox-, small heat shock protein-, kinase-, and electrolyte-related proteins, among others. Studies of the binding partners of HspB2 in cardiac tissue will provide important information clarifying the involvement of HspB2 in cardiac muscle maintenance and metabolism.
College and Department
Life Sciences; Microbiology and Molecular Biology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Neubert, Jonathan Paul, "Characterizing the Role of HspB2 in Cardiac Metabolism and Muscle Structure Using Yeast and Mammalian Systems" (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 3748.
small heat shock proteins, HSPB2, CRYAB, yeast two-hybrid, coimmunoprecipitation