The application of high resolution electron backscatter diffraction (HR-EBSD) techniques has been used in order to study the evolution of geometrically necessary dislocation (GND). The tested materials were taken from AZ31 magnesium sheet which had strong basal texture. Because of low symmetry of the magnesium crystal lattice, the von Mises criteria cannot be satisfied by the three independent, easily activated, basal slips. The strain along the c-axis of the crystal must be accommodated by either twinning and/or slip systems. HR-EBSD data was taken in order to investigate these phenomena. The HR-EBSD results were post processed in order to resolve total GND density onto the observed possible slip systems. The first chapter of the investigation focused on the correlation between resolved GNDs with tensile twin nucleation, and the subsequent propagation path in the microstructure. For this purpose, 2.5 % strain was applied in a uniaxial compression test along the transverse direction (TD). Several fine scan were done at the boundaries where twin formed. The results show that in order for a twin to nucleate spontaneously at the grain boundaries, two criteria should generally be met: high angle grain boundaries (35-45°) and pile ups of basal slip system in neighboring grain at the other side of the boundary. Furthermore, once nucleation has initiated, twin propagation can occur through low angle grain boundaries (15-25°); if a twin reaches a high angle boundary, it will generally terminate at the boundary at low strain levels. A twin may pass through high angle boundaries with further deformation. In the second chapter, deformation of the AZ31 magnesium alloy was study for different strain paths. For this purpose, compression and tension in-situ tests were done and the texture and GND evolutions were investigated. The results show that the load paths, compression and tension, evolve the microstructure in different ways. Massive twin fractions were formed in compression, and higher GND contents were observed in tension tests. It was observed that at higher strain levels GND contents are roughly independent of the initial texture but the activation of slip systems at low strain strongly depends on initial structure. If the samples were loaded along RD, GND density increased sharply at low strain. In contrast, for the samples loaded along TD, GND increased moderately. A small amount of repetition is apparent in the two parts of the thesis due to them being formatted for individual publication as journal papers.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





Ali Khosravani, EBSD, AZ31 magnesium alloy, tension twins, in-situ tension and compression tests