Meta-analysis is a tool used to combine the results from multiple studies into one comprehensive analysis. First developed in the 1970s, meta-analysis is a major statistical method in academic, medical, business, and industrial research. There are three traditional ways in which a meta-analysis is conducted: ﬁxed or random eﬀects, and using an empirical Bayesian approach. Derivations for conducting meta-analysis on correlations in the industrial psychology and organizational behavior (OB) discipline were reviewed by Hunter and Schmidt (2004). In this approach, Hunter and Schmidt propose an empirical Bayesian analysis where the results from previous studies are used as a prior. This approach is still widely used in OB despite recent advances in Bayesian methodology. This paper presents the results of a hierarchical Bayesian model for conducting meta-analysis of correlations and then compares these results to a traditional Hunter-Schmidt analysis conducted by Judge et al. (2001). In our approach we treat the correlations from previous studies as a likelihood, and present a prior distribution for correlations.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Statistics
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Ulrich, Michael David, "Meta-Analysis Using Bayesian Hierarchical Models in Organizational Behavior" (2009). All Theses and Dissertations. 2349.
Bayesian Hierarchical Models, Correlations, Meta-analysis, Organizational Behavior, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction