This dissertation presents the novel creation of a surface relief fiber Bragg grating on the flat surface of a D-shaped optical fiber. In order to produce an efficient surface relief grating the grating must be etched into the surface of the glass fiber close to the core. A short etch that removes the cladding above the core is performed in order to decrease the core-to-flat distance and allow the light to interact with the grating on the flat surface. Due to the unique D-shape of the optical fiber the mechanical integrity of the fiber remains high even after the fabrication process. For traditional fiber Bragg gratings the index modulation occurs in the core of the optical fiber. While this method can produce highly reflective gratings they are not well suited for many sensing applications. For example, the operating temperature range is limited to a few hundred degrees Celsius before the index modulation returns to a more uniform index profile. Also because the gratings are created in the core of the fiber, interaction with the surrounding environment is limited. The surface relief fiber Bragg grating created for this work overcomes some of the sensing challenges of traditional gratings. The major accomplishments of this dissertation show a dramatic increase in operating temperature to over 1000 degrees Celsius, the ability to measure multi-dimensional bend, the ability to measure material changes around the fiber such as chemical concentration, and the ability to use a Vernier effect to dramatically increase the sensors sensitivity. In addition to the sensing applications of this work a more thorough understanding of the reflection and transmission properties of the surface relief grating is also presented. Implementation of the transfer matrix method for simulation of the gratings is also shown to be a fast and accurate modeling tool for predicting the grating response.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering



Date Submitted


Document Type





fiber Bragg gratings, high temperature sensing, chemical sensing, bend sensing, Vernier, D-fiber, optical sensing, surface relief, structured gratings