Comparative Civilizations Review, World Congress for the Comparative Study of Civilizations
Claude-Henri, Comte de Saint-Simon, a father of modern sociology, observed that the history of the world alternated between two poles: organic periods (in which the social and political institutions are in harmony with the state of civilization), followed by critical periods, which are transitional and marked by conflict and destructive criticism.
Comparative Civilizations Review: Vol. 89:
89, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr/vol89/iss89/3