Sunni, Shiite, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria
The theory of civilization clash is applied to the situation in the Middle East which appears to be more the result of intra-regional rivals. The latter would include the Sunni-Shiite rivalry and the competition between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Currently, Syria is the overt demonstration of these intra-regional rivalries.
Shaker, Ambassador Sallama
"Chess Game of Civilizations,"
Comparative Civilizations Review: Vol. 76
, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr/vol76/iss76/9