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"Geo-civilization" is a new concept proposed by the author. It means a macro-geo-continuum in which two or more civilizations share a common geographical locus and similar religions and cultural values. In contrast, civilization in the traditional sense refers to a large historico-cultural entity sharing a common set of values. Within a geo-civilization, each of the traditional political entities in interlocked with another, not only geo-historically, but culturally, economically, and politically. A geo-civilization generates a situation in which the cost of association among the peoples or even civilizations concerned is reduced and the effectiveness of association is raised. This implies a relatively high efficiency or productivity. I conclude that in examining the long-term performance of a civilization, the conventional terms of "civilization" and "culture" are inadequate.