Both individual and institutional academic freedom are essential for colleges and universities. Individual academic freedom involves the freedom of an individual faculty member to teach, to research, and to speak as a citizen. Institutional academic freedom is the freedom of the institution to pursue its mission and to be free from outside control. Both dimensions of academic freedom are important, and both need to be understood and respected.
Gordon, James D. III
"Individual and Institutional Academic Freedom,"
BYU Studies Quarterly: Vol. 49
, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/byusq/vol49/iss2/7