Brigham Young University Prelaw Review


Eighth Amendment, transgender, transgender rights, prison healthcare, medical necessity, gender dysphoria, gender confirmation surgery, sex reassignment surgery, Edmo, Idaho, correctional facility, cruel and unusual punishment, standards, medical science, inmate, research, consensus


In 2012, Mason Edmo pleaded guilty to the sexual abuse of a fifteenyear-

old boy and was sentenced to ten years in prison. While in

prison, Edmo announced that she identified as a female and changed

her name to Adree. Edmo went on to request gender confirmation

surgery (also known as “sex reassignment surgery”) while still in

prison. Initially, Edmo was not granted the surgery by the Idaho

Department of Corrections, and went on to self-harm and attempt

self-castration twice. In 2017, Edmo filed suit against the Idaho State

Department of Corrections (IDOC) and won. The IDOC disagreed

with the decision, filing an appeal to the Ninth Circuit Court, but in

August of 2019, the appeal was denied and Edmo was granted the

surgery in Edmo v. Corizon. This was the first time a circuit court

had granted an inmate’s request for gender confirmation surgery.