McKenna Swindle

Publication Date



gender inequality, public policy, women




Peace negotiations are used throughout the world to resolve interstate conflict and have been heralded as the most effective way to address armed conflict between countries. However, in the MENA region, women have sparsely been included in most peace processes. The cultural attitudes toward women in the region and their minor representation in both the political and workplace spheres hinder their involvement in these processes. Without women's inclusion. it is likely that the process of negotiation will be stalled, the agreements will be less effectively implemented, and the provisions will be less inclusive of women and other minority groups. Local and international groups have taken notice of these detrimental effects; they have advocated for female inclusion in Middle Eastern peace talks and educated various audiences on the severe consequences of prohibiting such inclusion. While progress has been made to bring women to peace negotiation tables. there is still significant development needed to ensure their full and equal participation.