education, health, gender inequality, racial inequality
Indigenous adult illiteracy is often prevalent in poorer, less economically stable regions, such as the Andean Region of South America, specifically Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. The issue stems from several factors, such as language discrepancies, high dropout rates, and lack of access to quality education. Consequently, illiterate indigenous adults are more likely to suffer from poor health and low-quality employment. Women are more likely to suffer domestic violence and discrimination, and in general, illiteracy for both men and women contributes to decreased civic engagement and economic stability. Several programs currently exist to help illiterate individuals in the Andean Region, such as the PAEBA–Peru Program, the “Si, Yo Puedo” or “Yes, I Can” program, and “Minga Por La Esperanza.” These programs focus onhelping illiterate individuals through common-denominator symbols, technology, and government aid.
"Indigenous Adult Illiteracy in the Andean Region of South America,"
Ballard Brief: Vol. 2021:
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ballardbrief/vol2021/iss1/5