BYU Asian Studies Journal


Braeden Davis


BYU Asian Studies, communism, Sino-Soviet


In the early 1950s, the world communist movement seemed unstoppable. Without giving the liberal democracies time to catch their breath following World War II, the world’s socialist nations confronted the West in a dangerous Cold War standoff. In less than a decade, communist parties had consolidated power across most of the Eurasian continent, all under the powerful protection of the Soviet Union and its communist party (hereafter referred to as the CPSU). Most significantly, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) had taken control of China, thus establishing the most populous communist nation on earth. The Chinese were close allies of the Soviets, receiving aid in building a socialist economy while at the same time fighting a Soviet-backed war with the Americans for influence on the Korean Peninsula. The international communist movement seemed monolithic, with the revolutionary influence emanating from Moscow and Beijing seemingly ready to cover the globe.