We made 27 collections over nine years at the Clearwater River and conducted preliminary cytogenetic analysis on 232 individuals of the Simulium arcticum complex there. Based on these preliminary findings, we analyzed an additional 1825 larvae from Clearwater collections in 2007, 2008, and 2009 to investigate the reproductive statuses of the two prevalent taxa of the complex there and to determine whether cytogenetic diversity and frequency of types were similar from year to year. We describe a cytotype new to science and a potentially derivative cytotype of S. arcticum sensu stricto. We also determine that these two taxa are present in similar frequencies from year to year and are in genetic equilibrium, suggesting that they are not reproductively isolated. This study constitutes the fourth positive test of our Geographic Distribution/Taxon Age hypothesis.
Shields, Gerald F.; Christiaens, Brooke A.; Van Leuven, Michelle L.; and Hartman, Amber L.
"Reproductive status and continuity of taxa of the Simulium arcticum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) at the Clearwater River, Montana (2007, 2008, and 2009),"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 69
, Article 11.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol69/iss4/11